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Xenophon and the Anabasis

The Anabasis (Greek for 'the journey up') is full of fascinating detail, as the Greek mercenaries struggle homewards from Cunaxa - desperate for provisions and constantly skirmishing with hostile tribesmen. Xenophon is voted into the leadership group and he gives himself much of the credit (possibly with justification) for their safe return to Greece five months later.

The most famous moment in his account is when the leaders of the column come over the ridge of a mountain and begin shouting thalassa, thalassa ('the sea, the sea'). They have reached the Black Sea and relative safety.

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