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The Hellenistic Age: 323 - 30 BC

The companions of Alexander the Great are Greek in origin, as Macedonians, and their descendants continue to see themselves as Greeks. A veneer of Greek culture is the lasting result of Alexander's conquests. It is spread thinly from Egypt to beyond the Khyber Pass, in addition to the many Mediterranean regions lying closer to Greece itself.

These places do not become Greek, but they acquire a Greek tinge - for which, in the 19th century, a phrase is coined, 'Hellenistic'. Alexander's victories launch the Hellenistic ('Greek-ish') Age, which will last until the death of Cleopatra in 30 BC.

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