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1533
 
Narrative history in HistoryWorld    
Although the ransom has been paid, Atahualpa is executed by the Spaniards — who ensure that he dies a Christian      
1533
 
Narrative history in HistoryWorld     
The Spanish conquistadors capture and sack the Inca capital of Cuzco, high in the Andes       
1536
 
    
Manco Inca begins a siege of the Spaniards in Cuzco that lasts for a year       
1537
 
    
With the end of the siege of Cuzco, and the flight of Manco Inca, the Spanish have full control of Peru       
1542
 
Narrative history in HistoryWorld   
New Laws are passed in Spain, in an attempt to protect the Indians on the encomiendas of Spanish America     
1545
 
Narrative history in HistoryWorld    
Rich seams of silver are discovered at Potosi, in modern Bolivia      
1548
 
Narrative history in HistoryWorld     
La Paz is founded on the trade route between Lima and the newly discovered silver mines at Potosi       
c. 1550
 
Narrative history in HistoryWorld     
Spanish galleons assemble each year at Portobelo to deliver European goods and to ship home the metals of Latin America       
1556
 
Narrative history in HistoryWorld      
Charles V abdicates, handing the Netherlands and Spain to his son Philip and the title of Holy Roman emperor to his brother Ferdinand        
1556
 
Narrative history in HistoryWorld     
The division by Charles V of his territories means that there are now two Habsburg empires, Austrian and Spanish