©National Archives

Child Factory Worker, 1906 Photograph of a child factory worker, taken in 1906.

Regulations for the employment of children in mills and textile factories were introduced in 1833. This was after a parliamentary commission revealed how children suffered long hours, accidents, ill health and beating.

The 1833 Factory Act banned the employment of children under the age of 9. It also put a limit on the hours children between the ages of 9 and 13 could work. All child workers were to receive two hours schooling each day. Further acts in 1844 and 1847 limited working hours to six for 8-13 year olds and ten hours for those under eighteen. In 1901 no children under twelve were allowed to work in factories.