©National Archives

Conveyance of Land by Native American Chiefs, 19 July 1701 Conveyance of land by Native American Chiefs, addressed to 'all Christian and Indian people in this parte of the world and in Europe over the great salt waters'. It grants an area of land (800 by 400 miles) north west of Albany to King William III of England. This was in return for protection against French-sponsored tribes and the French themselves. It was written against the background of an Anglo-French war being carried out between rival indigenous nations in America.

The ancestors of the signatories of the Conveyance had secured the land by what the document calls 'a fair war' against the Huron 80 years previously. This established the right to hunt beaver. Appropriately, at the conference in Albany preceding the Conveyance, the Five Nations sent King William ten beavers with which to make himself a hat.

The document is signed with totems.

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