©National Archives

Magna Carta, 1225 Magna Carta, Latin for Great Charter, was issued by King John after an agreement with the barons in 1215. It was essentially a peace agreement drawn up for the king to prevent the most powerful men in the country from rebelling. As time went by, people gave more importance to Magna Carta, especially to the following clauses:

No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions. except by the lawful judgement of his peers.

To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.

The document on display here is the third version of Magna Carta, issued by Henry III when he took over personal government in 1225. It is the final, definitive form of the charter of liberties, which entered the statute books as the first and most fundamental assertion of English rights

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